Predicting the Effects of the Affordable Care Act: A Comparative Analysis of Health Policy Microsimulation Models
Microsimulation models were utilized throughout the legislative process that led to the passage of the Affordable Care Act, and these models continue to play a prominent role in understanding the likely effects of federal health care reform provisions on insurance coverage and cost at both the national level and, increasingly, within individual states.
The Affordable Care Act offers numerous opportunities to stabilize coverage and care for beneficiaries as their incomes fluctuate, and states can reduce the impact of churn between coverage programs with design and purchasing strategies that promote seamlessness.
The Affordable Care Act allows states to create their own state-based health insurance exchanges or to allow a federally facilitated exchange to operate in the state. Proposed rules from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also allow a partnership model where the federal and state governments share in the execution of exchange functions.
State Affordable Insurance Exchanges (exchanges) are at the core of the coverage reform in the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The exchanges establish a marketplace in which individuals and small employers can compare and select among affordable, quality health insurance options.
An estimated 27 million people will gain coverage through Medicaid or private qualified health plans via the new health insurance exchanges once the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is fully implemented in 2014. It is estimated that a significant percentage of those obtaining coverage will have income fluctuations that will change their eligibility status between public and private coverage options offered through the exchanges.